What is Precision Farming Technology?
Precision farming technology refers to the tools, technology and overall strategies farmers use to help increase the overall productivity of their farming. More advanced technology is being introduced today to help optimise soil quality and enables users to make targeted interventions to help remove optimise and remove errors when looking at their crops.
The term ‘precision’ in precision farming technology referrers to intervention these solutions offer individuals, as todays state-of-the-art tools make it easier for farmers to make changes at the right time and place for overall precision farming.
Smart farming technologies like sensors can be used around a farm to gather valuable data which is then used by a farmer to make important decisions throughout the year. These smart farming systems can use third-party API systems to get historical data like previous weather predictions, droughts, seasonal plant diseases and more to help farmers learn and make calculated decisions.
Advantages of Precision Farming
Overall, the use of precision farming has the potential to increase quality standards and boost overall production with fewer resources.
These are the basic advantages of precision farming:
The use of precision farming helps users accurately place resources like water, fertilizer and more. This helps bring down the costs of resources for your crops each season.
Increase in profitability
If used correctly, farmers can enjoy the reduction in costs and see a general increase in production as crop yield will grow faster and in good quality for a premium sell onto third-parties at the end of each season.
The benefits of precision farming give users the ability to understand the land around them and can come to firm conclusions on how, when and where to harvest their own crops every season.
Increase land value
Understanding the land around you in greater detail on its benefits for different crop management styles or general improvement in those areas will add value to the land as users will be able to label its benefits in accordance with future sellers.
This generally adds value to the owners of that piece of land as they will have better knowledge of its properties and can improve it as well.
Ensuring the use of smart farming methods with precision farming adds in the promise that farmers can be more sustainable and friendlier to the environment as the general utilization of resources is done so properly.
Generally speaking, knowing where, when and how is vital to farmers and even in todays market, there is still a lot of guess work that goes into the general makeup of harvesting crops.
The use of precision farming adds value in this aspect as it will advise farmers when the optimal time would be for harvesting and may intervene and advise you on pre-harvesting schedule to improve general seasonal harvesting methods.
Why is Precision Farming used?
The use of precision farming is becoming vital in the face of growing demands around the world as the general population of the world is growing, thus the output of farming needs to upscale in both quantity and quality.
“There are 805 million malnourished people on the planet and the global population is expected to reach nine billion by 2050”
Not every corner of the world has the key environmental components needed for farming like daylight, humidity and rain to sustain every specifies of crops, which is why smart farming and precision farming is needed to help get more out of these key regions.
Lastly, the general utilization of valuable resources are also a concern as we cannot continue to burn through fertilizers and water through crops as much of this is needed in other areas of the world.
Precision Farming Technologies
There are a number of tools available today for farmers to take advantage of. This is not to be forsaken for the countless years of experience farmers have in their field, as precision farming or smart farming is seen as a way to expand on farmers experience and heighten their senses in various ways.
Most of the technologies that being used today revolve around sensors seen around a farm, but the use of cameras, drones and more are also being used to help farming today.
List of Precision Farming Technologies:
Data Collection Sensors
Traditionally known as the ‘Internet of Things sensors’, this technology uses scattered sensors which can be used to extract certain data in the form of humidity, temperature, water utilization and more to aid farmers understand their crops from a distance or multiple plantations across acres or distant areas with remote sensing.
Satellite Crop Monitoring
Satellite crop monitoring uses third-party API satellite imagery over time to highlight the changes on a farm and flag different issues based on either machine learning parameters or a user’s preference.
This tool is very important as a farmer that has thousands of acres could be limited by the way they move around their land to monitor their crops. This will help monitor big areas of concern and could check surrounding competitor’s regions to see if there are any influences that could affect their crops.
The use of drones is helping farmers in a variety of ways like herding cattle, spreading fertilizer and the general monitoring of crops at a distance to get valuable data on how crops are growing.
Field intervention tools
Precision farming comes with the promise of general automations in both hardware and software as systems could use either your behavioural data to look after your crops or machine learning with third party information to help make quick decisions to help look after your crops without you having to look over every inch of your crop.
The Future of Precision Farming
Various areas surrounding smart farming and precision farming see the rise of robotics as one of the biggest changes to come in the pursuit of perfecting precision farming, but the continuation of perfecting existing systems that use sensors and other existing technology are on course of moving precision farming in the direction for all farmers to use around the world.
More and more people are talking about agriculture 4.0 as the big focus on the adoption of using the Internet of Things (IoT) in framing to help use data to help grow farming and this should be the focus for the future.